WHY CAN'T A
THIRD PARTY WIN?
Some people, dissatisfied with the available candidates, run a candidate on a third party.
It never works. Why?
The following items tell why:
- The defective Plurality Voting System (vote for only one) is being used.
- The third party candidate has to steal votes from the two mainstream party candidates.
- The third party candidate will steal more votes from the other candidate most like him.
- The mainstream candidate most unlike the third party candidate will probably win.
- The third party candidate entering the race will probably cause the mainstream candidate most
unlike him to win.
- The third party candidate leaving the race will remove the bias against the mainstream
candidate most like him.
- The third party candidate would have to outpoll both mainstream parties to win.
- The Plurality Voting System puts heavy biases on all candidates when more than two
How can we remove this bias?
- There is only one way:
- Voting for one candidate must not decrease any opponent's
How can this be achieved?
- Two things must be done:
- The Plurality Voting System (vote for only one) used in most places must be
- The Independent Voting System (vote on each choice
separately) must be adopted into law.
How does this work?
- The voter has 3 choices for each candidate: YES, NO, and ABSTAIN.
- The default if the voter does nothing is always ABSTAIN.
- On a lever machine, a three position control is used for each candidate (at right).
- Each paper ballot candidate has YES and NO check boxes.
- Checking neither or both check boxes is ABSTAIN.
- Computer ballots, like paper ballots, would have YES and NO buttons for each
- There is no interlocking of votes between candidates. This makes the third party
viable and removes the biases.
- Each candidate's score is his YES votes minus his NO votes.
- The candidate with the highest positive score wins.
With the Plurality Voting System, a vote with two or more YES votes for an office is
With the Independent Voting System, all votes except ABSTAIN votes are counted:
- Voting YES for one candidate does not mean that the voter can't vote YES for another.
- Any voter can vote YES for both a mainstream candidate and a third party candidate and
have the votes count.
- No candidate loses any YES votes because another candidate gets more YES votes.
- The winner is the candidate who pleases the most voters.
Thus, the Independent Voting System can allow any number of candidates and/or parties
in the race, with no biases affecting the outcome.