Too many people think that copyrights and patents are good. What they forget is that copyrights and patents are monopoly powers, and monopolies are never good.
This is long enough to recoup any investment on the work and make a profit, but not the objectionable lifetime income that removes the creator of the work from doing productive work in the marketplace.
This means that the creator of the work must be given referential credit whenever the work is used, whether or not the patent or copyright has expired.
Compulsory licensing, now used for executing live or recorded performances of copyrighted musical scores and stage plays, would be required for all protected works of intellectual property. This removes the monopoly powers from the copyrights and patents by allowing others to produce the protected work by paying small royalties. In the case of works intended to be one-of-a-kind items not for sale (such as works of art), the word "copy" must be placed on each copy in an inconspicuous place.
The multiple sourcing of the same textbooks by multiple publishers removes the monopoly power that forces the prices to be too high for students to afford. In addition, revisions and new editions must not preclude students from using older versions in the classroom.
The sale of a patent or copyright means that those with money can buy monopoly power. This is wrongdoing, and must be eliminated.
The person or people who actually created the work must be the owners, not any business hiring the creation work. This prevents businesses from buying up patents and copyrights to amass monopoly powers.
This prevents the fights for control over patents and copyrights that often ensue when collaborating groups break up. Royalties shall be divided according to portion of ownership.
This prevents people from obtaining government grants to create a work, and then making a profit from the government expenditures.
If the beneficiary of the exclusive contract chooses to not use the subject of the contract, the other party is kept from selling it to someone else. This is a monopoly power, and must be prohibited.
A noncompete agreement prevents the person leaving the business from using his skills for income. This is a monopoly power and must be prohibited.
This prevents monopoly situations, and prevents the patent or copyright from outlasting the product it was intended for. People should have the right to obtain a discontinued product after the manufacturer wants to have nothing more to do with it.
The mechanical royalty rate must be used, so the holder of the patent or copyright can make a profit, but also so that there is no lifetime income or lifetime savings that removes the creator of the work from doing productive work.
Since no money is made from making one copy of the work, and since the expense of collecting a mechanical royalty for one copy exceeds the amount of the royalty itself, it must not be collected. Copies made from broadcasts or web sites must not be subject to royalties. Art students making copies of great works of art as practice should likewise not be charged royalties. But if any of these copies are sold, then royalties should be charged.
Illegitimate uses must not supersede the legitimate uses of such a product, in the same way that tools often used for burglary also have legal uses that prevent them from being sold.
This prevents the monopoly situation that occurs when a manufacturer uses its copyrights to charge high prices.
This prevents the monopoly situation that occurs when a manufacturer uses its copyrights to charge high prices. It also protects people with software they need that won't work when a newer version of some other software is installed (such as an operating system).
This prevents the monopoly situation that occurs when a manufacturer uses its copyrights to charge high prices, and also the case where the copy protection outlasts the copyright.
It is not government's place to stop patent and copyright and patent infringements. This is the purpose of the civil courts. If repeated infringement occurs, the judge can award double or treble damages.
Part of the problem is that government made copyrights and patents too lucrative and last too long, forcing people to violate the patent or copyright to obtain a needed item long after it has been discontinued.
This is nothing but the government favoring the rich at the expense of the rest of us. This is a major reason that copyright and patent infringement must not be crimes.